Vivah Sanskar or marriage has the greatest significance among the sixteen ‘Sanskaras’ or sacraments of Vedic origin Arya Samaj Marriage Rituals. Arya Samaj wedding rites originate from the Vedas. They are devoid of idol worship.
The rituals not only bind the bridegroom and the bride in marital bond of love and respect for each other but also lay down a code of conduct towards the family and society of which they are an integral part. Every phase of the ceremony is infused with symbolic meaning and spiritual significance.
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Vedic Marriage Ceremony
Time needed: 2 hours.
Arya Samaj Marriage Rituals:
- Swagat & Introduction (Welcome)
Welcome, and greetings are extended to the bridegroom, bride, family, and friends.
- Kanya Agaman (Arrival of the Bride)
The bridesmaids and the father escort the bride to the Mandap (nuptial canopy).
- Jai Mala (Exchange of Garlands)
The priest guides the couple to the Mandap (nuptial canopy). Bride welcomes Groom with a floral garland and Groom garlands Bride. This exchange symbolizes formal acceptance and respect.
- Madhupak (Offerings)
The bride offers a mixture of honey and yogurt to the groom. Honey symbolizes the sweetness of eternal love and yogurt for the sake of his eternal good health and nutrition.
- Kanya Daan (Giving hand of bride)
The prime wealth of a Hindu household is the daughter (Kanya), who symbolizes the Hindu Goddess of Wealth (Lakshmi). Bride’s parents will place her hands into the Groom’s and pour holy water over them to finalize the gesture of gift-giving (transfer of wealth). Bride’s father requests Groom to accept his daughter as an equal partner in all walks of life. It is noted in Vedic scriptures that there is no “Daana” (gift) greater than Kanya Daan (giving a daughter’s hand in marriage). Groom promises to accept Bride as his equal life partner.
- Thread Ceremony and Yagna
Arya Samaj Marriage Retuels, The groom wears a sacred thread. This is the initiation ceremony and symbolizes the transition from a boy to a married man. The couple worships fire during the yagna. After that you can give away alms. Fire is the witness to the sacred ceremony and hence the vows are always taken in front of the fire.
- Paani Grahan (Accepting the Hand)
The bridegroom holds the hand of the bride and both of them solemnly pledge before God that they have become one and will forever love each other and remain mutually devoted for the remainder of their lives.
- Shila Rohan
A rock is placed in the northeast comer of the Mandap. While Bride places her right foot on the piece of rock, Groom recites a hymn the Ashma Bhava. The statement is to encourage his wife to be as strong as the rock, to be firm towards any difficulties of life they may face together. Rice and flowers are sprinkled on the couple by her parents, relatives, and friends.
- Laja Homa and Mangal Phera
Bride’s brother puts rice in the hands of Bride & Groom to offer to Agni (the Lord of Fire) who dispels darkness and ignorance while leading into light and knowledge. The couple then walks around the sacred fire. Each round represents the four basic goals of human life: Dharma: Moral sense to lead a good life Artha: Financial prosperity the Kama: Blessing for strong, virtuous children and to share the responsibilities of home Moksha: Self-restraint and eternal physical, mental and spiritual strength Together the four goals symbolize the couple’s commitment to each other, the community and the cosmos. During the first three rounds, Bride leads Groom and during the last round, Groom leads.
- Saptapadi (Seven steps)
The bride and groom take seven steps forward together, symbolizing the beginning of their journey through life. These steps signify the guiding principles of life. Each of these steps represents the vows made by the couple:
First step: Together we will love, cherish and respect one another from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer or poorer, in sickness or in health … forever.
Second step: Together we will create a home full of joy and laughter, where we find serenity and strength.
Third step: Together we will share a steadily deepening love, which grows in understanding and unselfishness.
Fourth Step: Together we will embrace each other’s family as well as our own yet to come. Let us have a measure of patience and forgive with grace.
Fifth step: Together we will develop a sense of value that we may care for people more than possessions, for honor more than honors, and for the dimensions of a home more than the details of a house. Sixth step: Together, we pray to God for a healthy and disease-free life for us and our families.
Seventh step: Together we will live a balanced and harmonious life. Let us forever be best friends and partners, share each other’s ideas and ideals. The couple is now united and will pray for the blessings from God. The father-in-law offers the bride a sacred necklace.
- Sindhoor Daan
The bridegroom puts Sindhoor (Red Powder) in the parting of the bride’s hair and welcomes her into his life as his eternal partner. The newly wedded couple touches the feet and takes blessings from the parents of both families.
- Aashirvaad and Shanti Path
All guests and relatives recite a hymn with the priest to wish the couple good luck, prosperity, and a long, happy married life together. Panditji says.. Arya Samaj Marriage Rituals sampann Hua.
FAQs- Arya Samaj Marriage Rituals
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